Egyptology

Free Wheelchairs at Karnak Sound and Light

Luxor News - πριν από 14 ώρες 8 λεπτά
This is so exciting, things are really moving in Luxor on the disabled front. When President Sisi said 2018 was the year of the disabled he was not kidding Go Ya Masry

Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Two Discoveries in Luxor and Aswan by Egyptian Missions In Luxor

Luxor News - Κυρ, 22/04/2018 - 16:36

An Archaeological Egyptian Mission from the Ministry of Antiquities working at  the south part of Karnak Temples’ 10th pylon, has uncovered architectural elements of god Osiris-Ptah-Neb shrine.Dr. Ayman Ashmawy, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities announced and pointed out that the shrine is one of the most important shrines to be constructed for god Osiris inside the temples of Karnak during the late period because it is located at the southern side of god Amun-Re Temple and not to the east or north side as known in the ancient Egyptian belief.The shrine is located to the south of the 10th  pylon of god Amun-Re temple, in the area between both temples of Amun and Mut to the east of the Avenue of Sphinxes.Essam Nagy, Head of the Mission explains that the shrine dates back to the late 25th Dynasty, when the importance god Osiris appears was linked to the Avenue of Sphinxes and Mut temple.The architectural elements uncovered by the mission consist of the entrance of the shrine, columns and inner walls, as well as  remains of a third chamber, foundations stones and the shrine’s floor.Nagy said that the discovery includes also a collection of Pottery, the lower part of a siting statue, part of a stone panel depicting an offering table filled with a ram and a goose, which are symbols of god Amun the master of Karnak temples. On top of the panel there is the winged sun-disk.The shrine depicts the names of Kings Taharka and Tanout Amun, the last king of the 25th Dynasty.
In Aswan, another Egyptian mission discovered a head of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius with a wavy hair and beard. Dr. Ashmawy describes the head as unique because it is rarely to find statues that belong to such emperor.
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Karnak Disabled Access - Update

Luxor News - Παρ, 20/04/2018 - 18:07
Accessibility Path
Mohamed A Fahmy has been keeping his Facebook friends up to date with the changes at Karnak. It looked like work had finished so we decided to do a site visit to check out the improvements. Sharon Davidson came as my personal photographer lol. She is a very good photographer with a good camera. Mohamed also met up with us with his camera.
Outside the temple there are still the same problems getting from the car park to the visitor centre. A few signs shown the best route for wheelchairs would have helped.
Inside the temple there were huge improvements, ramps and smooth flooring in the main tourist route. But the more remote places had no changes so my previous report on Karnak is still accurate. http://luxor-news.blogspot.com.eg/2016/10/hidden-luxor-east-bank-disabled-report.htmlBut as we were going round Mohamed heard that the Minister was coming on a visit. Dr. Khaled Anany the Egyptian Minister of Antiquities was one of the first people I approached with my ideas about improving access.
I was lucky enough to give him all our feedback from the morning visit and he told us that this was the first stage and more improvements were coming. The access is being extended and will cover more of the temple. It was a lucky coincidence to meet him and to be able to chat. I also got interviewed about the campaign I started in 2016

Access from the car parkRamp hidden in the shopLook out for the ramp leading to the entranceNew Ramp
Gentle Slope

New Accessible PathLoose surface causes wheels to bog downSome ramps are still too steepRamp to Festival Hall of Tuthmosis
The Minister observes the ramp in useBeing interviewed about the campaign
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

"Karnak is 80% accessible"

Luxor News - Τετ, 18/04/2018 - 19:27
Mohamed A Fahmy has just posted the most exciting picture. Looks like I need to pay another visit to Karnak. Hope there is more planned at other temples.

Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahri – Zbigniew Szafranski

Luxor News - Τρι, 17/04/2018 - 18:23

The Highlights of the Recent Results of the Polish-Egyptian Archaeological and Conservation Mission of the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahri – Zbigniew Szafranski
The temple is a very unique site, indeed it is a UNESCO site. The Poles have been working there since 1961 following in the footsteps of the Americans who followed the British. Their work has concentrated on the upper terrace.
The main sanctuary had a name change from Neferere the daughter of Hatshepsut to Ahmose the mother of Hatshepsut when Neferere disappeared from the historical record in the 11th year.
Wooden butterfly joints joined many of the large blocks
The main shrine is important for our knowledge Amen Re
The barque shrine was destroyed by Akhenaton and restored by Horemheb who left evidence with the cryptographic version of his name.
The second room shows the purification of the statues by Tuthmosis III and Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut is show as a king in the 2ndyear of the joint reign not the 7th as some scholars have said.
The depiction of Hatshepsut was destroyed but is still visible as it was done with chisels faithfully following the outline.
There was lots of black soot and when this was removed it showed Hatshepsut with a red skin. This is very significant as women were traditionally showed with a yellow skin. However Hatshepsut wanted to show herself as a king, which had to be male. (There is a paper on skin tones at Deir el Bahri Andrezi Cweik : Red, Yellow, Pink : Ideology of skin tones).
There are a lot of burial shafts from the 23rdand 25th dynasty. There was an earthquake approx. 1000 BC and lot of temples were destroyed. However these were still perceived as holy places and suitable for a necropolis.
Inside the main shrine they have done a lot of restoration in high relief , from just a few pieces because it was known exactly what they were part of the rest of the decoration can be derived. He showed an example of sema-tawy ( usually translated as "The Uniter of the Two Lands" and was depicted as a human trachea entwined with the papyrus and lily plant. The trachea stood for unification, while the papyrus and lily plant represent Lower and Upper Egypt). And another restoration was of the sister of Hatshepsut who died young Nefrubity.
The inner rooms had windows and between 28thJan and 6th Feb the rising sun would light up the statue in the sanctuary. We do not know the exact date as we don’t have the statue to fix the date,
It was found that the limestone structure had moved by 1 mm and this is being closely monitored and replacement plaster has been used to seal the cracks..
They are using electronic/digital methods to document, hundreds of photos are taken and then these are ‘stitched; together to produce documentation of the whole
The glyphs around the niche identify the temple as the millions of years but it had many other functions. There is also a sun court and worship of the royal Ka. In the sun court three niches were originally planned with the third niche being dedicated Ahmed the mother. But this was changed to a chapel dedicated to Anubis
Much use was made of Hatshepsut’s cryptographic name and when Tuthmosis II removed her name this was left.
Queens were very important and get a lot of mention similar to Queens to the 17th dynasty like Tetishri. So Tuthmosis I is shown with his mother and Hatshepsut with her mother. Neferere was planned to be the next queen but her early disappearance (death?) meant Tuthmosis III took over. (Tuthmosis then restricted the importance of women and during his reign the Gods Wives of Amun disappeared as a title.)
In the North West corner a part of the temple looks very Greek in style with its columns. During this time there were immigration of styles, there are 280 columns and pillars in the temple a completely different style to the Old Kingdom structures
The lower Anubis chapel had a degree of movement also the Hathor chapel. Iron frame works had to be constructed to protect the structure and make it stable
Hatshepsut disappeared in the 21styear (death?)
The colossus has been incorrectly reconstructed so they are taking it apart and redoing it.
The have left the entrance to one Third Intermediate Period burial visible.
They intend to reconstruct the sphinxes avenue, after being missing for 80 years the fragments were located in the wooden boxes in the tomb of Harwa
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Coffins - Helen Strudwick

Luxor News - Σαβ, 14/04/2018 - 23:56

We have had a series of lectures that are very visual and hard to described with just notes.
Helen Strudwick on Coffins was a case in point. It was deeply fascinating showing inscriptions and CT scans. She works at the Fitzwilliam, Cambridge and they have been investigating the coffins in their collection to try and understand them better especially their construction. There is evidence that coffins were bought off the shelf and stored. The colours of the inscriptions is the big clue. The wood was often local wood and was made into planks like the workshop of MeketRe. Wood was scarce so often reused with joints being recarved and plaster being used to fill  the missing pieces.
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

More lectures 16th and 19th Dr Szafrànski Deir el Bahri Monday and Nigel Strudwick Thursday

Luxor News - Πεμ, 12/04/2018 - 21:13
Ibrahim Soliman has arranged more wonderful lectures 6pm Thebes Hotel West Bank

Dr. Szafrànski director of the Polish Mission about the highlights of the last works at Hatshepsut temple in Deir el Bahari.

Nigel Strudwick will speak on Thursday about ancient Robberies in the Necropolis. 
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Lecture THURSDAY APR. 12 , 6 p.m HELEN STRUDWICK

Luxor News - Τρι, 10/04/2018 - 13:51
 NEW LECTURE SCHEDULED AT THEBES HOTEL THURSDAY APR. 12 , 6 p.m. DR.HELEN STRUDWICK , FITZWILLIAM MUSEUM CAMBRIDGE STUDYING EGYPTIAN COFFINS FROM LUXOR
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Lecture Thursday 29th on Gebelin 6pm Thebes Hotel

Luxor News - Δευ, 26/03/2018 - 03:28
Ibrahim Soliman has arrange another lecture to delight us on the excavations at Gebelin and here is a picture of Wojciech Ejsmond and Daniel Takacs analysing ornaments in the rock temple of Hathor
I think it is going to be Daniel giving the lecture and here is a link I found http://www.messagetoeagle.com/polish-excavations-in-gebelein-domain-of-hathor-in-upper-egypt/
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

The Myth of Egypt in the Western world Francesco Tiradritti

Luxor News - Δευ, 19/03/2018 - 02:34
I did start to take some notes but gave up because the lecture was so visual. You can tell Francesco is an art expert. He has such an eye for noticing detail. He went through how much Egyptian iconography was evidenced in the west, a lot of paintings, architecture, festivals and drawings, He noted that when a new religion comes along like Christianity they either reject pagan imagery or accept and assimilate.

After the end of the pharaohs true knowledge of what the hieroglyphs meant and what the Egyptians believed disappeared as the language changed to Coptic and then to Arabic. But that did not stop people using the images. It was fascinating to see to evidence of pyramids, Anubis sphinxes, Isis and bulls. All over the world and in the most unlikely places like Brazil.

Once the hieroglyphs were translated then the mythology ceases as the true facts were known

Next week he is going to cover the influence in Islam

Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Flats in Luxor is now disabled friendly

Luxor News - Δευ, 19/03/2018 - 02:16
We have installed a ramp into our ground floor apartment at Al Gezera which means wheelchair users can access the flat independently. Our doors are 30 inches wide and apparently standard wheel chairs are 26 inches wide. So we are the first flats in Luxor to cater for the needs of wheelchair users. If this proves popular we will make changes at our other apartments to make them disabled friendly.
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Lecture 17th March

Luxor News - Σαβ, 17/03/2018 - 13:51

Dr. JJ Shirley
Theban Tomb 110: New Information on the Life & Career of Djhuty
Luxor Mummification Museum
17 March 2018
6:30pm
PS sorry about the late notice I have only just been informed
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Lecture 18th March

Luxor News - Παρ, 16/03/2018 - 09:45

Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Isis the Egyptian Goddess who conquered the Roman world. Francesco Tiradritti

Luxor News - Δευ, 12/03/2018 - 02:56

Isis the Egyptian Goddess who conquered the Roman world. Francesco Tiradritti
(There is another lecture next week Sunday 18that Thebes Hotel)

Francesco had been instrumental in producing an exhibition about Isis from Ancient Egyptian times till today. What happened to Egypt after Pharaonic times? Dan Brown doesn’t get everything wrong! There is evidence of Isis in the Islamic world. Studies in Egyptomania have increased as the influence of Egypt is discovered. The west thinks its origins are in the Greek and Roman world but there is more Egyptian influence than people realise.
The Pyramid texts have the first mention of Isis. Isis is part of the creation myth of Atum who created Geb and Nut separated by Shu. Geb and Nut produced Osirus, Isis, Seth and Nephthys. The iconography of Osirus shows him mummiform, wearing the white crown flanked by two ostrich feathers from his role in the judgement. Whereas Seth’s iconography is disputed and confusing. Francesco says that this reflects his role as the god of chaos, his very iconography is chaotic.
The story of Osirus is a Cinderella story but instead of a shoe we have a coffin. Seth held a big banquet and a gorgeous coffin was tried on but it fitted Osirus perfectly the lid was slammed shut and Seth deposed of the body, both by drowning and chopping it up. This is where Isis comes into the story. She appears as a powerful magician who reassembles Osirus and then conceives Horus.
Until the NK Isis was just a wife but from the Ramesside period she becomes more important. In the tomb of Horemheb you can see this. Hathor used to be the principle goddess for women but now Isis starts usurping her iconography, the cow horns and sun disk. Hathor becomes the goddess of the west representing dead women. In the Late period there are more examples of the horns and sun disk.
Once Isis was pregnant with Horus, Seth did not give up attacking her and trying to cause a miscarriage. The tyet (Egyptian tjt), sometimes called the knot of Isis or girdle of Isis, was what she used to protect the unborn child with magic. This knot then became used by women 1) as a sort of Tampex (this analogy caused a great deal of amusement at the lecture as Francesco searched for the right word) 2) to prevent miscarriage.
Magic was a bit part of Ancient Egyptian life; after Horus was born Seth sent scorpions and snakes to attack him. This story was carved on stele. Magic potions were created by pouring water on these texts and drinking the water. Thus protecting the drinker
Isis gains further magical powers when she gets Ra to reveal his secret name. She gathered his drool and made a snake of it. The snake attacked Ra and he begged Isis to cure him which she would only do if he revealed his secret name. This gave her the same power of Ra which made the most powerful goddess.
Isis was worshipped in various centres all over Egypt.
At Abydos Seti created various chapels and put his own in between Isis and Osirus in the Osirus mini complex to negate the effect his name which was based in Seth had on his legitimacy to rule.
There is a 22nd dynasty temple to Isis in front of the Queens pyramid at Giza that is identified as the burial place of Isis.
There is another location (I missed the name) that is supposed to be her birthplace used in Ptolemaic times.
In Coptos she is identified as the wife of Min
At Philae she was worshipped until 5thcentury AD
At Meroe (Sudan) she was shown winged for protection
Often she can be identified by the Isis knot at the top of her dress. In later times she is identified as the wife of Serapis a god created by Manetho, connected with the Apis bull. Serapis was a Graeco-Egyptian god. The cult of Serapis was introduced during the 3rd century BC on the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. The king was associated with Serapis and his wife with Isis. This new Isis was worshipped in Alexandra and the Fayoum. The rest of Egypt still worshipped the old Isis. The religion gets VERY complicated in these times.
Another Isis is the harvest goddess connected with Renenutet and Demeter she was spread by the Roman army to Athens, Ephesus and is shown wearing Roman clothes with her Isis knot. Also associated with Sybil. Spreading to Roman
Yet another Isis Pharos from Alexandra the Pharos lighthouse and she is shown with flowing robes blown by the wind. In fact there were many variations like is Isis Pelagia, "Isis of the Sea," but there were three main versions. The Pharaonic traditional Isis, the Ptolemaic and the Roman
A book Metamorphis Apolia (not sure if I got the name right) depicted Isis but an incorrect English translations change the depiction of Isis.
The film Cleopatra shows a fairly accurate depiction of the arrival of Cleopatra in Rome. Rome and Italy has many mentions of Isis like the Plaza Isis near the Colosseum and from Rome the cult of the Roman Isis went all over the world as Serapis became the Emperor and Isis the Empress Pompeii, Hungry, Britain anywhere the Romans went she went.
There is an Isis linked to Sirus the star in fact there were so many Isis when they did the exhibition they could not find them all.
Roman Isis even went back to Luxor, at Luxor temple at the front there is a chapel to Roman Isis which was in existence at the same time as the Pharaonic Isis at Deir El Shewit.
Isis even goes into Christianity and there are depictions of the Virgin Mary with an Isis knot.
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Useful links

Luxor News - Τρι, 06/03/2018 - 02:12

1)      Site visits                                           i.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2008/07/el-kab.html                                          ii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2008/07/el-kab-temples.html                                         iii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2008/10/ankhtifi-at-moalla.html                                         iv.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2008/10/museums-in-luxor.html                                          v.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2008/11/day-trip-to-dendara-on-lotus-boat.html                                         vi.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2008/12/abydos-outside-seti-i-temple.html                                        vii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2009/01/tuthmosis-iii-mortuary-temple.html                                       viii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2009/04/el-kab-and-esna.html                                         ix.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2009/06/report-back-on-valley-of-kings-and-kv57.html                                          x.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2009/12/postcard-from-thoth-hill.html                                         xi.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/03/morning-with-dr-andrzej-cwiek.html                                        xii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/05/new-discoveries-at-karnak.html                                       xiii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/07/visit-to-early-kushite-tombs-of-south.html                                      xiv.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/08/medamud-temple-north-of-luxor.html                                       xv.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/08/new-tomb-opens-at-deir-el-medina.html                                      xvi.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/09/middle-egypt-day-6-kharga.html                                     xvii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/09/middle-egypt-trip-report.html                                    xviii.    http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/09/visit-to-pabasa-and-assasif-tombs.html
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Lecture 10 am 6th March Karnak

Luxor News - Σαβ, 03/03/2018 - 03:13

Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Oldest Tattoos

Luxor News - Πεμ, 01/03/2018 - 15:47

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43230202

Previously, archaeologists had thought only women wore tattoos in the ancient past, but the discovery of tattoos on the male mummy now shows body modification concerned both sexes.The researchers believe that the tattoos would have denoted status, bravery and magical knowledge.The mummies were found in Gebelein in the southern part of Upper Egypt, around 40km south of modern-day Luxor.
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Floor tiles of Karnak Temple are not ‘ancient’ as rumored: official

Luxor News - Πεμ, 22/02/2018 - 18:52
There was a bit of reaction to the picture posted last week of the disabled access but those that were worried will be relieved to read this

In response to photos circulating on Egypt’s social media outlets that have alleged the removal of the archeological tiles of Karnak Temple located inside Luxor, head of Karnak Temple’s remnants Mostafa El Seghair denied the claims.
He said in media statements that new modifications were added to the tiles of the temple to put a path for handicapped people to facilitate their access inside the temple.
He further explained that the tiles located inside the temple are not the archeological ones as rumored, noting that new tiles were put in 2008.

 Credit Barbara Clark
http://www.egyptindependent.com/floor-tiles-karnak-temple-not-ancient-rumored-official/
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

Francesco Tiradritti Lecture on the Valley of the Kings

Luxor News - Κυρ, 11/02/2018 - 20:40



This was held at a brand new hotel just by the cross roads on the west bank. Very nice location. I must admit when Francesco started it seemed a normal introduction to the Valley of the Kings but it rapidly became a new (to me) approach to analysing the progression of tomb excavation. Most interesting but then he always is
This map will help but the way Francesco displayed was a time progression shown the relationship as well as the location of 18, 19 and 20 dynasty tombs
One of the earliest images of the Valley of the Kings was Pocock in 1743. The kings of the 17th dynasty were buried at Dra Abu Naga but the kings of the 18th dynasty went further west. The first burial was Amenhotep I but we don’t know where he is despite numerous attempts to find the tomb. At one point in time there were 6 different expeditions trying to find the tomb.
If you look at the tombs in historical order you get a very different perspective specially the relationship between where the workers were and Deir el Bahri. The way we go to the valley these days is the long way round but the first tomb we know KV38 Tuthmosis I is actually situate in the closest wadi to Deir el Medina. The next KV 38 is Tuthmosis II having a geographical relationship to his father Tuthmosis I.
Hatshepsut located her tomb KV20 in relationship to her temple at Deir el Bahri but in poor quality rock.
Tuthmosis III went back close to his father and grandfather. The tomb is not cartouche shape but the shape of the underworld. Similar to how noble’s tombs are the shape of the world. Francesco should the tomb of Ankhtifi shown the oval shape. You can follow it through https://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/moalla/ankhtifi/e_ankhtifi_01.htm
1.      Hunting and fishing in the marshes2.      Fields and battle3.      Granaries 4.      Donkeys5.      Cattle6.      Settlement
Desert7        Hunters8        Unknown
9        Festival of Hemen
In the same way the underworld is laid out in KV 43 going sequential EXCEPT number 5 and 6 which represent chaos
Next KV 35 and its associated royal fan bearer KV 36KV 43 back to the Hatshepsut areaKv22 ad Kv45KV46Then the Amarna period
Kv55 the controversial tomb, Francesco once did a count and there were 120 theories about Shrines of Tiye, magic brinks of Akhenaton ceiling of Tutankhamen. A royal coffin with no name
KV 62
Francesco talked at length about the DNA report done by Zahi Hawass. The level of probably contamination was so high it proves nothing. Compare it to the excavation of Richard III
He also talked about the theories of extra rooms in KV62 and feels there other explanations for the perceived rectangle (plaster working area, poor quality limestone) and he believes the latest scan has also been in conclusive. Beside Zahi excavated in that area
The excavations then follow relationships and dynasties. Nobles tend to be near their king. Difficult to explain without pictures but if you colour a shaded area of 18, 19 and 20 dynasty tombs you get the idea.
KV23, KV57 end of 18thKV16 and 17 father and sonKV 7, 5, 8(Merenptah), KV10, 15KV 47 Siptah KV13 Chancellor BayKV 14KV11 & 3KV7KV9End of the new kingdom. In the 21st and 22nddynasty there were common burials who seem to be single ladies
Κατηγορίες: Egyptology

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